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The Abaza Tribe, Burials

THE Abaza (a Circassian tribe) have a strange way of burying their Beys. They put the body in a coffin of wood, which they nail on the branches of some high trees, and make a hole in the coffin by the head, that the Bey, as they say, may look unto Heaven. Bees enter the coffin, and make honey, and cover the body with their comb. If the season comes they open the coffin, take out the honey and sell it, therefore much caution is necessary against the honey of the Abazas.—Evlia Effendi.

CORNSTALK, THE SHAWNEE CHIEF
BY THE REV. Vt. H. FOOTE.
There was a time when the name of Cornstalk thrilled every heart in West Virginia. More and there among the mountains may ho found an aged one, who remembers the terrors of Indian warfare as they raged on the rivers, and in the retired glens, west of the Blue Ridge, under that noted savage. Cornstalk was to the Indians of West Virginia, what Powhatan was to the tribes on the Sea Coast, the greatest and the last chief. At the time of his greatest power he lived west of the Ohio. His tribe, the Sha-wanees,
H. G. Wells Delivers a Speech
Mr. H. G. Wells, the author of The Wheels of Chance, the clever bicycling romance recently published by the Macmillan Company, was dined by the New Vagabonds Club, in London, the other day, and in his speech incidentally brought a fresh method of grouping to bear upon reviewers. After describing authors as "seedlings," Mr. Wells divided reviewers into various families: slug reviewers, who prey on the first tender leaves of authors; bird reviewers, who peck here and there, and possibly do damage; heavy reviewers, who crush with their feet whole beds of shoots. Mr.
Photographic Invention, Mr. Niepce de Saint Victor

Mr. Niepce St. Victor has laid before the Academy of Sciences of Paris, photographic designs on paper, which are in every respect superior to anything of the kind ever attempted hitherto. He has employed a process of his own invention, which consists in placing upon the plate of glass to which the chloride of silver is applied, a delicate and perfectly smooth layer of starch or albumen, by means of which, the chloride regains its susceptibility to the influence of light.

PHILOSOPHY IN AN EGGSHELL
A correspondent recently asked you the reason why sugar strikes fire when two lumps are struck together after the fashion of flint and steel. In like manner, I would ask the reason why a good egg, when brought to the edge of one's tongue, feels cold at the tip and warm at the butt end? This is a wonderful fact; and there is doubtless a deep philosophy in the phenomenon. It is clear enough that a good egg has the germ of a fowl in it, and hence a vital spark; but why it is cold at the point end and warm at the blunt end, is not so evident.

Preface: The following article is a snippet from the book "Men and Manners in America," which was first published in 1833. The book was written by Cyril Thorton, but the subject of the book was Thomas Hamilton. Thomas traveled to America in 1830 to check out the new country and had the following observations and commentary about how we people introduced themselves may be of interest. Enjoy....

 FIRST BRICK CHEWING GUM FACTORY BUILT IN THE UNITED STATES
Curtis & Son Company. Through the above concern Portland is noted for the manufacture of chewing gum, as the history of the entire business of the world dates back to the start made by John B. Curtis, in 1850. Spruce chewing gum was made by his father with the use of a kitchen stove, and rudely put up in comparison with the marvels of artistic creations of the present day.

On the 21st ult. the trial of per-sons charged with the murder of Hiram and Joe Smith, commenced at Carthage, Illinois. The prisoners, J. C. Davis. late an Illinois tremor, T. C. Sharp, editor of the Warsaw Signal, Mark Aldrich, Wm. N. Grover, and Col. Levi Williams, complained by affidavit of the partial mariner in which jurors had been selected, and prayed the court that elisors be appointed to select a jury, which the court granted. The jury was not entirely empanneled at the last accounts. A correspondent of the St.
The War Steamer "Merrimac" Raised and Converted Into a Battering Ram
The "Merrimac" as a Rebel Battering Ram. The accompanying engraving of the Herrunac is from a sketch furnished by a mechanic who came from Norfolk under a flag of truce. He says that he worked on her and is of course familiar with her appearance. The Merrimac was partially burned and then sunk at the time of the destruction of the Gosport Navy Yard last spring, by the order of our government, to prevent the stores therein from falling Into the hands of the secessionists. She was one of the finest steam frigates in our navy, 3,200 tuns burthen and carrying 40 large guns.
EGG PHILOSOPHY
We have heard of "philosophy in a nut-shell " and "philosophy in an egg," and many persons may suppose that philosophy cannot be of much account when it can be cramped Into such contracted receptacles. If the value of philosophy were to be estimated by the length, breadth, height and depth of modern eggs, we would certainly conclude that we lived in degenerate times, in comparison with those supposed pre-adamites who sojourned in the Connecticut valley before the Flood.

Indian Speech on the killing of McIntosh

Brothers! McIntosh is dead. He broke the law of the nation. The law which be made himself. Hie face was turned to the white men, who wish to take our land from us. His back was to his own people. His ears were shut to the cries of our women and children. His heart was estranged from us. The words of his talk were deceitful. They came to us I like the sickly breeze that flies over the marsh of the great river.

Wonders of Photography
H Garbanati, in an article on this subject in the American Journal of Photography, tells us the following:—"I was recently handed two small pieces of glass, in the center of each was a dark object, about a quarter of an inch square In the center of the square of one of these, by dint of close and painful examination, I discovered a speck about one-sixteenth of an inch diameter, which, bore somewhat the re-semblance to a portrait of a head In the other was also a speck about one-eighth of an inch, and some other very minute specks in the one speck, but which I could not recognize as any particu
PUNCH has the pleasure to record an interesting event which occurred on Tuesday, the 9th instant. NOT-EN-A-AKM, or "the Strong Wind," interpreter of the Ojibbeway Indians, was married to SARAH HAINES, which name, translated into the Ojibbeway language, means " the London Fog." The ceremony was performed in St. Martin's Church. The Ojibbeway Indians attended, and, with a fine sense of the struggles of matrimonial life, appeared in their war-paint.

Experiments in Photography
M. Niepce de St. Victor, in making some experiments in photography, finds that if a sheet of paper ors which there is writing or printed characters, or a drawing, be exposed for a few minutes to the vapor of iodine, and there be applied immediately afterwards a coating of starch moistened by slightly accidulated water, a faithful tracing of the writing, printing, or tracing will be obtained. If.
Thomas Hamilton, Men and Manners in America, 1833
Preface: The following article is a snippet from the book "Men and Manners in America," which was first published in 1833. The book was written by Cyril Thorton, but the subject of the book was Thomas Hamilton. Thomas traveled to America in 1830 to check out the new country and had the following observations and commentary about how we ate eggs in New York at the time. Enjoy....

The Paris correspondent of the London Photographic News says:-" Another revolution in photography! The honor of achieving this result is due to Sig. Joseph Eugene Balsamo, Professor of Natural Philosophy at Lucca, in Italy, who has found a substitute for nitrate of silver in positive printing, which is hydrochloric acid saturated with phosphorus, and diluted with acetate of copper.
Indian Convention
We learn with pleasure, that a convention of delegates from the Indian tribes in the states of New-York, Michigan, and some of the Canadian tribes, is to be held at Green-Bay, in the Michigan territory, on the first of December next, for the purpose of adopting means and measures for the government of these unfortunate people. A president has already been appointed, and some of the representatives chosen. The Rev. Eleazar Williams, minister at Green-Bay, (a descendant of the Rev. John Williams, first minister of Deerfield, in this county,)
Photography Applied to the Ornamenting of Silk Stuffs
M, Persoz, professor of chemistry at the Conservatoire des Arts et Metiers, of Paris, says the London Engineer, has just published a most interesting discovery of his, by which photography may be applied to the ornament: ing of silk stuffs. The bichromate of potash is a substance commonly used in photography, being extremely sensitive to light. If a piece of silk stuff impregnated with this salt be ex-posed to the rays of light penetrating through the fissures of tie window blinds in a dosed room, the points where the stuff has received these rays of light will assume a peculiar reddish tint.
John Qunicy Adams Receives Bachelor of Arts Degree
BOSTON, July 20. Last Wednesday being the anniversary or Commencement at the university at Cambridge, about 11 o'clock in the fore noon, his excellency the Governour and suit, his honour the lieutenant governor the honourable president of the senate, and a number of gentlemen of distinction, arrived at Harvard hail, having been accompanied on their tour from Boston by the then of the county of Suffolk, and the independent company of horse guards, commanded by colonel Swan. They were received by the fellows of the corporation.
PHOTOGRAPHS OF WAR PRISONERS

The question is asked, "why don't our officers in service take a cheap photograph of those prisoners who are allowed to depart on taking the oath of allegiance?" They might be reproduced for the use of every division of our army, and put into book form, furnishing the best possible proof for hanging those caught in arms against the government the second time.

Jacob Perkins Steam Machinery
AFTER all that has been conjectured, and insinuated, and surmised, and written about Mr. Perkins's modifications and improvements of steam machinery, we are happy to give from his own pen the following summary of them, which is abridged from a most interesting article inserted in one of the scientific journals of America, the land that gave him birth.

Is it not new, he inquires, to generate steam of all elasticities, from the minimum to the maximum without the least danger - in the generation of steam to substitute pressure for surface,
History, Swimming Life Preserver

The saving of human life, whether from fire or water, and the prevention of accident generally, is a noble and philanthrophic aim, and every one who directs his attention and inventive powers to such n purpose is to be regarded as a benefactor to the human race at large, by those who have any humanity in their hearts. We are happy then to chronicle the invention and patenting of an apparatus for saving life from shipwreck and similar catastrophes, by A. J. Gibson, of Worcester, Mass.

Morse Telegraph In France

A commission appointed in France to consider the claims of Professor Morse, for remuneration, because his telegraph was employed in that country, have reported in his favor, and have recommended the payment to him of 400,000 francs. As Professor Morse's telegraph was first patented in France, and has been the one mostly used in that country, where all the telegraphs are under government control, the sum is very respectable.

The paper is to be dipped in a solution of salt-in water, in the proportion of half an ounce of salt to half a pint of water. Let the superfluous moisture drain off, and then lay the paper upon a clean cloth, dab it gently with a napkin, so as to prevent the salt collecting in one spot more than in another. The paper is then to be pinned down by two of its corners on a drawing-board by means of common pins, and one side washed or wetted with the photogenic fluid, (weak nitrate of cancer) using the brush prepared for that purpose and taking care to distribute it equally.
Opechanchanough, Character of an Indian Chief

History presents few instances of greater valor and magnanimity, than are displayed in the character of Opechanchanough, an Indian Chief. Bold, artful, insinuating ; skilled in dissimulation and intrigue; he for many years kept the early settlers of Virginia in a state of continual alarm, and more than once menaced them with destruction. Although so decrepid by age as to be unable to walk, he commanded in person, and directed from the litter on which he was borne, the onset and retreat of his warriors at the dreadful massacre of 1641, which almost exterminated the colonists.

LIVING IN SPAIN
Preface: The following article is from an American periodical called "The American Farmer" from 1826. This concise article focuses on the entire area of cooking, but includes a section on Breakfast. Enjoy....

A family that I got acquainted with in a provincial town in Spain, gave me an account of their expenditure. They were decent people, and though with small means, were visited by the rich. Their house was the resort of very agreeable company. The family consisted of a man and wife, their two daughters (grown up) and a maid servant.

CHEROKEE FEMALE SEMINARY
We have before us an engraving of this pleasant-looking structure, where a large number of Indian girls are now educated. There is a neat and really interesting paper A Wreath of Cherokee Rose-buds published by the scholars; from this we copy the following, written by an Indian girl. The descriptions convey a clearer notion of the great change wrought by the missionaries among these wild children of the forest than anything we could say :—

TWO SCENES IN CHEROKEE LAND.

Scene I.
The Creek and Pawnee Indians
The Arkansas Intelligencer learns through Mr. J. W. Taylor a respectable merchant of the Creek nation, that the Pawnee Mahas attacked, about ten days since, the Creeks who live upon Little river. The Creeks were attacked by the Pawnees, but repulsed them, after killing six of their warriors, and without any loss on their side. The Pawnees have returned to their homes upon the wild prairies for a reinforcement, which they have sworn to return with and take revenge. The scattered Creeks are removing from the exposed quarter to the denser settlements.
William McIntosh - Upper Creek Indians

INDIAN WAR. — We have a large collection of newspaper articles relating to the war against the Seminoles—the chief things worthy of record are as follows:

Gen. Gaines, descending the Flint river to Port Scott, had his boat stove, by which, (notwithstanding all the reports about it) we believe only one soldier was drowned—but it seems that the general himself and the little party that was with him, were a long time in the woods, and suffered exceedingly before they reached fort Scott, being also in momentary danger of falling into the hands of the savages.

Paul Laurence Dunbar
A few years ago, when Mr. Thomas Nelson Page's first volume of dialect stories was being reviewed by the press, the critic of a Western newspaper, in undertaking to do his own full share of justice to the subject, took occasion to congratulate the negro race in America upon the fact that at last an author of their own had appeared who would write of it as no white man ever could! Mr. Paul Lawrence Dunbar lives not far from the city in which Mr.
Elias Howe, Sewing Machine

A most ingenious piece of mechanism lies lately been made known to the public in France, the inventor of which has been engaged during the last fifteen years in bringing it to its present state of perfection. It is a sewing machine, plain in its details, and calculated to revolutionize completely the art of sewing.

Dupont's Powder Mill Explodes

Mr. Dupont's powder mill on the Brandywine, exploded at about past 9 o'clock, on Thursday last. The shock was felt at Wilmington as though an earthquake were about to engulph the town. A letter received by the editor of the REGISTER was partly written in the middle of the street, the people having left their houses, in awful expectation of the explosion of the magazine; which, however, was safe at 12 o'clock, and the damage then considered as over.

The effect of Whitney's Cotton-Gin on the Cotton Husbandry of the United States
In 1793, the year of the invention, the whole cotton crop of the United States was 5,000,000 lbs., and the total exportation 487,600 lbs. In 1795, when the cotton-gin was first extensively introduced into Georgia and South Carolina—then the principal region of that production—the whole crop increased to 8,000,000 lbs., and the exportation to 1,601,760 lbs. In 1800, when the
TO THE EDITORS OF THE NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER.

Your paper of the 13th January contains a statement, under the signature of E. in which the important invention of Whitney's cotton gin is greatly undervalued. It is there estimated to be equal in value to the labor of three thousand men. Your correspondent might much more correctly have estimated its value to be equivalent to the labor of three hundred thousand Men.

Proper Method of Eating Eggs
Preface: The following article is a snippet from the book "Men and Manners in America," which was first published in 1833. The book was written by Cyril Thorton, but the subject of the book was Thomas Hamilton. Thomas traveled to America in 1830 to check out the new country and had the following observations and commentary about how we ate eggs at the time. Enjoy....

We See by Amelia Bloomer's neat little paper, the Lily. that her new custome has not yet lost its advocate, though the thing itself has not been seen lately in this region, save in a bewitching dance of the Countess of Lansfeldt's sorps de ballet. In the Lily, a writer, whom we suppose to hr Elizabeth G. Stanton, wife of Hon. Henry B. Stanton, supports the new costume as follows:—

THE NEW DRESS. Why do not the women put it on? All the reasons given can be summed up' under two heads.

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