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Curtis & Son Company. Through the above concern Portland is noted for the manufacture of chewing gum, as the history of the entire business of the world dates back to the start made by John B. Curtis, in 1850. Spruce chewing gum was made by his father with the use of a kitchen stove, and rudely put up in comparison with the marvels of artistic creations of the present day.

Morse Telegraph In France

A commission appointed in France to consider the claims of Professor Morse, for remuneration, because his telegraph was employed in that country, have reported in his favor, and have recommended the payment to him of 400,000 francs. As Professor Morse's telegraph was first patented in France, and has been the one mostly used in that country, where all the telegraphs are under government control, the sum is very respectable.

History, Swimming Life Preserver

The saving of human life, whether from fire or water, and the prevention of accident generally, is a noble and philanthrophic aim, and every one who directs his attention and inventive powers to such a purpose is to be regarded as a benefactor to the human race at large, by those who have any humanity in their hearts. We are happy then to chronicle the invention and patenting of an apparatus for saving life from shipwreck and similar catastrophes, by A. J. Gibson, of Worcester, Mass.

Alexander's Electric Telegraph
A model to illustrate the nature and powers of this machine, was exhibited on Wednesday evening at the Society of Arts in Edinburgh. The model consists of a wooden chest about five feet long, three feet wide, three feet deep at the one end, and one foot at the other. The width and depth in this model are those which would probably be found suitable in a working machine; but it will be understood that the length of the machine may be a hundred or a thousand miles, and is limited to five feet in the model merely for convenience.
The effect of Whitney's Cotton-Gin on the Cotton Husbandry of the United States
In 1793, the year of the invention, the whole cotton crop of the United States was 5,000,000 lbs., and the total exportation 487,600 lbs. In 1795, when the cotton-gin was first extensively introduced into Georgia and South Carolina—then the principal region of that production—the whole crop increased to 8,000,000 lbs., and the exportation to 1,601,760 lbs. In 1800, when the

Your paper of the 13th January contains a statement, under the signature of E. in which the important invention of Whitney's cotton gin is greatly undervalued. It is there estimated to be equal in value to the labor of three thousand men. Your correspondent might much more correctly have estimated its value to be equivalent to the labor of three hundred thousand Men.

Jacob Perkins Steam Machinery
AFTER all that has been conjectured, and insinuated, and surmised, and written about Mr. Perkins's modifications and improvements of steam machinery, we are happy to give from his own pen the following summary of them, which is abridged from a most interesting article inserted in one of the scientific journals of America, the land that gave him birth.

Is it not new, he inquires, to generate steam of all elasticities, from the minimum to the maximum without the least danger - in the generation of steam to substitute pressure for surface,
Elias Howe, Sewing Machine

A most ingenious piece of mechanism lies lately been made known to the public in France, the inventor of which has been engaged during the last fifteen years in bringing it to its present state of perfection. It is a sewing machine, plain in its details, and calculated to revolutionize completely the art of sewing.

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